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YEOSU Coastal Erosion Project

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Addressing the Challenge of Sea-Level Rise and Coastal Erosion in the East Asian Seas – Initial Implementation of the COBSEA Regional Strategy

Project Background

Coastal erosion is recognized as one of the major impacts of climate change-induced sea-level rise. A rising sea level implies an increase in sediment demand (and loss), which if not re-supplied, results in coastal erosion and retreat. Higher sea levels will raise extreme water levels, allow waves to break nearer to the coast and transmit more wave energy to the coastline. This will promote erosion and coastal retreat as well as loss of coastal ecological and socio-economic values.


These concerns have inspired the call from COBSEA developing countries for the development of a regional programme for coastal erosion management and guidance at national and local levels to assist their efforts in dealing with this issue. At the 20th Intergovernmental Meeting of COBSEA (Halong City, Vietnam, November 2009), the COBSEA Secretariat was requested to develop a ‘Regional Program’ to address the problem.

With the kind support of the Government of Korea a regional programme ‘COBSEA Regional Programme for the Sustainable and Ecosystem-Based Management of Coastal Erosion in the East Asian Seas Region was developed by COBSEA national authorities and experts to lay the foundation for a regional strategy, or policy on coastal erosion.

In March 2011, the project proposal ‘Yeosu Project: Addressing the Challenge of Sea-Level Rise and Coastal Erosion in the East Asian Seas – Initial Implementation of the COBSEA Regional Strategy’ was developed and submitted by COBSEA to KOICA to respond to policy and operational strategy gaps in addressing the imminent threats and growing impacts of coastal erosion caused by sea-level rise using as strategy the COBSEA Regional Programme on Coastal Erosion.

The Project was approved in December 2011 with a total budget of USD 400,000. It will be implemented for two years in six of the COBSEA member countries: Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam.

Project Objectives and Purpose

The main objective and purpose of this project is to facilitate and guide the effective management of coastal erosion in these countries, with a view to improving coastal resilience and thereby reducing the impacts on ecosystems, the economy and the safety, health, quality of life and livelihoods of the peoples of the region.  This will be done in an ecosystem-based and sustainable manner, within an Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) Framework.

The more specific project objectives are:

  1. To map and evaluate existing policies and legal and institutional mechanisms currently addressing coastal erosion, including the identification of ‘hindering’ policies and mechanisms and policies of non-coastal sectors that might exacerbate the problem.
  2. To identify past, current and planned interventions and development support that contribute to (or hinder) addressing coastal erosion in the countries at local, sub-national and national levels;
  3. To assess gaps and needs in policies, capacities, institutional arrangement and regulatory frameworks that can address constraints in the countries;
  4. To identify and prioritize effective arrangements with respect to budgetary requirements of coastal erosion management;
  5. To design and plan specific and needs-based “pilot interventions” that could be considered for future replication and/or scaling up in other COBSEA developing countries.


Project Activities
  • ‘Situation Analysis’ of coastal vulnerabilities in six (6) countries with a focus on coastal erosion and sea-level rise.
  • A study on the policy and institutional landscape relevant to addressing or contributing to the problem of coastal erosion at sub-national and national levels.
  • Assessment of past, current and planned development partners’ initiatives relevant for addressing coastal erosion.
  • Assessment of gaps and operational needs in terms of policies, institutional and legal arrangements, capacities and finances.
  • Identification and design of specific pilot interventions in each country with policy, knowledge, capacity and community-level support as per the need through national-level participatory consultations and engagement sessions.
Project Outputs
  • Seven country reports on the study of coastal vulnerabilities due to coastal erosion and mapping the existing body of relevant policies, systems and institutional mechanisms and past, current and planned interventions, and identify gaps and needs relevant for addressing coastal erosion at national and sub-national levels.  The reports will also look at those policies, systems and practices that work ‘against’ efforts to reduce coastal erosion and increase the resilience of coastal systems including preliminary identification of vulnerable areas and hotspots. The reports will be the base for the development of ‘national roadmaps’ and identified priorities for action that will be implemented by governments and/or by follow-up projects.
  • A menu of possible pilot interventions in each country. Based on the country assessment reports, the menu will include the specific pilot interventions that were identified as priorities for action to address the gaps and needs of the country.
  • Seven country reports on consultation and engagement meetings to discuss the national reports and agree on the type of capacity building activities and interventions to be developed and implemented in each country. The reports will also include the menu of recommended pilot interventions. These sets of recommendations should importantly take stock from the currently available body of knowledge and good practices in the region, and identify synergies with interventions of other development partners that may contribute to addressing the identified gaps.
  • A roadmap for implementation of specific pilot interventions within each country complete with workplans and budgets. The pilot interventions/activities will focus on three support areas: policy support, knowledge and capacity support, and community-level support.


Activities carried out:
  • 25 March 2012: The coordination and Planning Meeting on the ‘Yeosu Project’ took place at the COBSEA office, Bangkok. Dr Ellik Adler (COBSEA Coordinator), Mr Reynaldo Molina (COBSEA Consultant) and Dr Wong Poh Poh (Yeosu, International Technical Advisor) convened this meeting to organize, plan and coordinate the preparation and implementation of the YEOSU Project activities for six participating countries.
  • June- July 2012: Nominations of National Project Focal Points and National Consultants
  • July- August 2012: preparation of Small-Scale Funding Agreement (SSFA) for the nominated national institutions and Individual Consultancy Contract for National Consultants.
  • 31 July- 1 August 2012: The Regional Inception Workshop of the COBSEA Yeosu project was held in August 2012, in Bangkok and was attended by 25 participants from six COBSEA countries, four international experts and by a representative from KOICA. The workshop produced lively discussions and fruitful decisions on the way in which the project will be implemented.



List of National project Focal Points and National consultants:

National Project Focal Points (NPFPs)

National Consultants (NCs)


Mr. Koch Savath
Deputy Director General
Ministry of Environment.
#48 Samdech Preah, Sihanouk,
Chamkarmorn, Tonle Basak
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Tel:       +855 12 787 088
Fax::     +855 23 213 900/ 215 925
Email:   kochsavath@gmail.com



Mr. Hak Mao
Head of Climate Change Vulnerability
Assessment and Adaptation Office
Ministry of Environment
#48, Samdech Preah Sihanouk
Chamkarmorn, Tonle Basak,
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Tel:       +855 16 889 634
Fax:      +855 23 219 287
E-mail:  cheamao2003@yahoo.com


Mr. Beny Bastiawan
Head of Sub Division for Development of Rehabilitation and Restoration Division
Assistance of Deputy Coastal and Marine Environment Degradation Control
Deputy Minister for Environmental Degradation Control and Climate Change
Ministry of Environment
Jl. D.I. Panjaitan Kav. 24
Jakarta 13410 Indonesia
Tel:       +6221 8129952542, 85905638
Fax:      +6221 85904929
Email:   beny.bastiawan@gmail.com


Dr. Hamzah Latief
Senior Researcher
Center for Marine and Coastal Development
Bandung Institute of Technology,
Building Labtek VI 4th floors,
Jalan Ganesha 10
Bandung- 40132,Indonesia
Tel:       +62 22 251 2430
Mobile: +62 815 7313 5477
Fax:      +62 22 251 2430
Email:   hamzahlatief1410@yahoo.co.id


Mr. Lim Chow Hock
Director, River Basin and Coastal Zone Management Division
Department of Irrigation & Drainage Malaysia
Jalan Sultan Salahuddin,
50626 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Tel:       +603 26973016
Fax:      +603 26973014
Email:   limch@water.gov.my


Mr. Zainal Akamar Harun
Senior Assistant Director, River Basin and CoastalZone Management Division
Department of Irrigation & Drainage Malaysia
Jalan Sultan Salahuddin,
50626 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Tel:       +603 26973204
Fax:      +603 26973201
Email: zainalakamar@water.gov.my


Mr. Roberto I. Bernal
Senior Environmental Management Specialist
Environmental Management Bureau
Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Visayas Avenue
Quezon City, Philippines
Tel:       +632 426 4337
Fax:      +632 426 4332
Email:   betongbernal@yahoo.com


Dr. Fernando P. Siringan
Geological Oceanography Laboratory
Marine Science Institute
University of the Philippines – Diliman
Quezon City, Philippines
Tel:       +632 433 6063
Mobile: +0939 546 5847
E-mail:  ando.msi@gmail.com


Mr. Sombat Poovachiranon
Marine and Coastal Resources Research Center, Upper Gulf of Thailand
120/1 Moo 6 Bangyaprak,
Muang Samutsakorn 74000 Thailand
Tel:       +6634 497 0735
Mobile: +6681 173 1149
Fax:      +6634 497 0734
Email:   poovachiranon@hotmail.com


Mr. Worawoot Tantiwanit
Coastal Erosion and Mineral Specialist
Department of Marine and Coastal Resources
The Government Complex
5th Floor, Building B, Chaengwattana 7 Road
Tung Song Hong, Lak Si
Bangkok 10210 Thailand
Tel:       +662 141 1229
Mobile: +6681 985 1687
Fax:      +662 143 8675
Email:   w_tantiwanit@yahoo.com


Mr. Dang Huy Ram
Acting Director
Department of International Cooperation and Science Technology (DICST), Vietnam Administration of Seas and Islands (VASI)
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
10 Ton That Thuyet
Cau Giay District, Hanoi, Vietnam
Tel:       +844 37759915
Fax:      +844 37735093
Email:   ramdh2003@yahoo.com



Mr. Le Van Cong,
Department of Planning and Finance
Vietnam Administration of Seas and Islands (VASI)
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
10 Ton That Thuyet
Cau Giay District, Hanoi, Vietnam
Tel:       +844 37736549
Fax:      +844 37735093
Email:   levancong_67@yahoo.com


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